What Is the Paris Agreement Who Started It What Countries Are in It and What Do They Plan to Do

The Paris Agreement: A Commitment to Fighting Climate Change

Climate change is one of the most pressing issues of our time, threatening the health of our planet and the future of our species. In response, the global community came together in 2015 to forge a landmark agreement: The Paris Agreement. This agreement aims to limit global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase even further to 1.5 degrees Celsius.

What is the Paris Agreement?

The Paris Agreement is a legally binding international treaty that sets out a framework for countries to work together to combat climate change. It was signed on December 12, 2015, at the 21st Conference of the Parties (COP21) to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in Paris, France.

Who started the Paris Agreement?

The Paris Agreement was born out of decades of international negotiations on climate change. The process began with the UNFCCC, which was established in 1992 as a framework for global cooperation on climate change. Over the years, the UNFCCC has held numerous conferences and negotiations, culminating in the adoption of the Paris Agreement.

What countries are in the Paris Agreement?

Today, almost every country in the world is a signatory to the Paris Agreement. As of June 2021, there are 197 parties to the agreement, including 189 countries and the European Union. The only countries that have not signed the agreement are Iran, Iraq, Libya, South Sudan, Eritrea, Yemen, and Turkey.

What do they plan to do?

Under the Paris Agreement, each country sets its own emission reduction targets, known as Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). These targets are reviewed and updated every five years, and countries are expected to increase their level of ambition over time.

In addition to NDCs, the Paris Agreement also includes provisions for countries to report on their progress towards meeting their targets, to increase transparency in reporting, and to provide financial and technical support to developing countries.

In conclusion, the Paris Agreement represents a historic milestone in global efforts to combat climate change. By working together, countries around the world can reduce greenhouse gas emissions, protect vulnerable communities, and preserve the health of our planet for future generations. As a global community, we must continue to prioritize the goals of the Paris Agreement and take bold action to ensure a sustainable future for all.